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Disease Update 28th November 2016 - Avian Influenza in Europe

Disease Update 28th November 2016 – Avian Influenza in Europe

Update provided by the British Poultry Council 

New outbreaks of HPAI H5N8 in wild birds in France (near Calais) and in fattening ducks in the Netherlands (centre of the country).

Defra confirmed today that ministers have decided not to issue a declaration requiring housing at this time.   There will be a further update soon providing the reason for their decision after a meeting with the exotic disease team on Tuesday. 

Report Date – November 2016
Member State
Netherlands – Biddinghuizen, FLEVOLAND
HPAI H5N8 in commercial poultry – 10000 fattening ducks
On 26 November 2016, a 3 km surveillance and a 10 km protection zones have been established. In this 3 km zone there are five other premises. All susceptible animals on the infected premises have been killed. All premises in the 3 km zone have been screened. All samples of the screened premises were tested negative.
FrancePas-De-Calais (Marck, Marck)
HPAI H5N8 in wild birds (75)
On November 17th, mortality was observed in a batch of call-ducks (Anas strepera and Anas penelope) kept on a private body of water, in the town of Marck. The samples taken in the framework of the wildlife mortality surveillance (SAGIR network) confirmed the presence of H5N8 virus on November 26th, 2016. A second batch of call-ducks (35 animals) that stayed on this body of water will be slaughtered as a preventive measure. All of the call-ducks will be destroyed this day (November 28th, 2016).
France is due to regain country freedom from HPAI on 3rd December 2016.
HPAI H5N8 – wild birds (tufted ducks)
Approximately 60 tufted ducks were found dead in different places of the Aland archipelago on 12 November 2016. Four birds were submitted to Evira. So far, two birds have been found positive for highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8.
Sweden – SKÅNE LÄN ( Helsingborg, Mörarp, Helsingborg )
HPAI H5 – Commercial flock of 153000 laying hens
This is a farm with laying hens. From 21 November the animal keeper noticed an increased mortality, sick hens and hens with symptoms from the nervous system.
Germany – Mesekenhagen, Vorpommern-Greifswald, MECKLENBURG-VORPOMMERN
LPAI H5N2 in a  backyard flock
Non-commercial holding with 30 chicken, three geese, 20 ducks and two turkeys; low pathogenic avian influenza H5N2 confirmed in the national reference lab.
All poultry have been culled and safely disposed. No poultry or poultry products have been dispatched. Low pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks are not connected to highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks recently notified in Germany.
Sweden – Vellinge, Höllviken, Vellinge, SKÅNE LÄN
HPAI H5N8 in a wild birds (Common Goldeneye)
One wild bird was found alive, but died shortly afterwards, and was then analysed for avian influenza as part of routine surveillance.
In accordance with the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code, Article 10.4.1, point 8, this outbreak does not change the disease free status of Sweden as this is a wild bird and therefore do not fall within the OIE definition of poultry.
Russia – Oktyabr’sky, Yashaltinsky, RESPUBLIKA KALMYKIYA
HPAI H5 in backyard birds
Hungary – Bacs-Kiskun area – in four locations
HPAI H5N8 – total of 4 outbreaks in a total of 62000 birds (mainly turkeys)
Source of contact is wild birds
1.    Mesekenhagen, Vorpommern-Greifswald, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
2.    Twedt, Schleswig-Flensburg, Schleswig-Holstein
HPAI H5N8 in 45 hens and 13 ducks
HPAI H5N8 in 36,000 breeding chickens
The Netherlands – Noord-Holland (Monnickendam),4.9470107,12z
HPAI H5N8 in wild birds (tufted ducks and Great Crested Grebe)
On November 8th, three tufted ducks (Aythya fuligula) and two Great crested grebes (Podiceps cristatus) were found dead in a wetland area. On November 10th the national reference laboratory confirmed HPAI Virus H5N8 in the samples from the tufted ducks and Great crested grebes. The Netherlands has ordered compulsory confinement of all commercial poultry in The Netherlands.
Austria– Vorarlberg (Bregenz )
HPAI H5N8 in a small flock of 1150
Source of infection – contact with wild birds
Denmark – Moen Island, Southeast of Sealand
HPAI H5N8 confirmed in two tufted ducks
On November 9th, 10 dead tufted ducks were found in a wetland area near the town Stege on the Island Moen southeast of Sealand.
Austria – Lake Constance, Vorarlberg
H5N8 in wild birds
Croatia – River Bidj, Cerje, Županja, Vukovarsko-Srijemksa (north eastern part of the country),18.6608789,12z
HPAI H5N8 in 10 mute swans
Approximately ten swans died on the river Bidj but only two of them were available for laboratory testing. Organ samples were taken and submitted on 31 October to the Poultry centre of the Croatian Veterinary Institute. Avian influenza – subtype H5N8 was isolated. Nucleotide sequencing at the cleavage site of the hemagglutinin (HA) of the isolate revealed the multiple basic amino acid sequence “RERRRKR/GLF”, which is consistent with highly pathogenic avian influenza.
Switzerland – Lake Constance, Kreuzlingen, Thurgau,8.7457916,9z
HPAI H5N8 in migratory birds
On Friday 4 November 2016, three tufted ducks (Aythya fuligula) were found dead at Lake Constance.
Netherlands – near Amsterdam – NOT YET CONFIRMED as AI
On 9th November dead waterfowl have been found near Amsterdam (although not yet confirmed as AI)
On 9th November, the Dutch State Secretary of Agriculture has ordered the housing of all commercial poultry. The expert group in the Netherlands has concluded that; At present there is a high risk for the Dutch poultry sector for an introduction of the H5N8 virus; In order to prevent the introduction of AI, strict hygienic measures and a country wide obligation to housing the bird have additional value; An active monitoring of wild water birds can contribute to a better overview of the current situation regarding AI in the Netherlands and Europe.
Defra is aware of the situation, but clearly the housing of poultry in both NL and DE has escalated the concern of the potential of AI infection of poultry from wild birds.
Germany – Lake Plön, Schleswig-Holstein (north eastern Germany),10.3214131,12z
HPAI H5N8 in wild birds
Commission calls for vigilance regarding recent outbreaks of AI
The Commission is calling for vigilance by Member States’ authorities and the poultry sector in the EU, and for the stepping up of biosecurity on poultry farms. Following confirmation on 4 November of the highly pathogenic avian influenza of subtype H5N8 on a turkey fattening farm in Tótkomlós, Békés County, the Hungarian authorities immediately applied control measures as laid down in EU legislation. This outbreak is caused by the same strain of Asian origin detected in a wild bird in the same area the week before. This and other outbreaks throughout the EU mark the seasonal circulation of avian influenza viruses. The protective measures to respond to the outbreak for the affected areas were reviewed and supported at the meeting of the Standing Committee on Plants, Animals, Food and Feed (PAFF) on Monday 7 November.
Poland – near Lake Dąbie, in the region of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship,14.5842796,12z
HPAI H5N8  in wild birds
Hungary – Tótkomlós locality, Békés County,20.4878492,9z
HPAI of H5N8 subtype in a fattening turkey holding (ca 10000 birds age 118 days
Hungary – Fehér-tó, CSONGRAD (nature reserve),20.0657818,13z
HPAI H5N8 in a mute swan


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